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Southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis), also known as California sea otters, were listed as threatened in 1977 under the Endangered Species Act. RELATED ISSUES Oceans Golden State Biodiversity Initiative The Endangered Species Act. Overall, southern sea otters have only recolonized about 13 percent of their historic range, according to the study. Reduced range and population size, vulnerability to oil spills, and oil spill risk from coastal tanker traffic were the primary reasons for listing. Why are Sea Otters at risk? But otters are protected only legally, and in fact hunting for them continues to this day. In the past, sea otters were believed to be numerous, with populations thought to be between 150,000 and 300,000 specimens. They are regarded as an endangered species by international regulations, and without additional protection, they may become extinct in the near future. explains why and how the sea otter is endangered Essay by lastminutechic88 , High School, 10th grade , A , October 2004 download word file , 2 pages download word file , 2 pages 4.0 2 votes Sea otters, for instance, must eat around 25-30% of their body weight in sea urchins, clams, and crabs daily in order to maintain their high metabolic rate. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Reduce, reuse, and recycle whenever you can. OCEANWALKERS Sea Otters live in coastal waters & estuaries. Sea Otter Facts. And today, I would like to share you with about some threats to sea otter that is threatening this small marine mammal. When diving, their nostrils and ears close and their Sea Otter Conservation. Sea otter pups are born in water and float like corks, but they cannot swim for several weeks. Sea otters share common ancestry with a family called Mustelidae, a diverse group of organisms that include 12 other otter species and small terrestrial animals such as weasels and badgers. Sea otters are the only fully aquatic form of otters, but they share features with … The International Union for Conservation of Nature still lists the sea otter as an endangered species, and describes the most significant threat to sea otters as oil pollution from, oil spills. European otter. This can be blamed on human activity, as most animal species' endangerments can. Sea otters are carnivores in the family Mustelidae—a group of animals that also includes terrestrial and semi-aquatic forms such as weasels, badgers, skunks, fishers, minks, and river otters. Grow a garden. Why Sea Otters are Endangered, and How You Can Help Sea otters are the smallest species of marine mammal, and one of the most vulnerable endangered species in North America. The sea otter were hunted almost to extinction. ACTION TIMELINE. In 1994, sea otters were included in the International Red Book, after which their prosecution was banned. California’s southern sea otter has been listed as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act since 1977. There are so many of the marine mammals in some parts of California that the habitat simply can’t hold any more—but other otters face a panoply of threats. Along the west coast of the U.S., this marine mammal’s habitat is commonly near offshore drilling sites, specifically in California and Alaska. Presently, they're considered to be an endangered group of animals, as indicated by the 2011 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species' report. Sea Otter. THe endangered sea otter. Why are sea otters endangered? Why Are Sea Otters Endangered? Sea otters live in shallow coastal waters in the northern Pacific Ocean. Two sea otter subspecies occur in the United States, the southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) and the northern sea otter (E.l. kenyoni).Southern sea otters, also known as California sea otters, live in the waters along the central California coastline. Sea otters play a vital role in the health and stability of the nearshore marine ecosystem as a keystone species They use their flat, webbed hind feet to swim and have been known to swim up to 5mph. 41 years later and counting, their conservation status remains unchanged and their future uncertain. The sea otter (Enhydra lutris) is a marine mammal living near the shores of the North Pacific, from northern Japan, the Kuril Islands and Kamchatka east across the Aleutian Islands and along the North American coast to Mexico.It has the thickest fur in the animal kingdom. 2. Southern Sea Otter. This species of sea otter can grow and reach the number of 95 cm in length for its body and 35 cm in length for its tail. ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT PROFILE. Currently the southern sea otter population is estimated at just above 3,000 animals. It was killed by fishermen who thought the otters were eating too many of the fish they wanted to catch. The sea otters are categorized among the endangered species because they are extensively hunted for their valuable and unique fur which has led to great reduction of their population. 2003 southern sea otter recovery plan 2000 petition to list southwest Alaska sea otter 1977 southern sea otter Endangered Species Act listing. Endangered Sea Otters Have a New Problem: Overpopulation. When these otters were found wheezing and struggling with seizures on beaches in Homer, Alaska, researchers were surprised. Sea otters are the exception, giving birth in the water. Click to see full answer. Dispose of hazardous wastes properly. Sea otters mate, sleep, groom, hunt, give birth, rest and play in the ocean! Southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis), also known as California sea otters, were listed as threatened in 1977 under the Endangered Species Act. Sea otters have low genetic diversity, which could endanger their health as a species, a UCLA-led team of life scientists has discovered. Reduced range and population size, vulnerability to oil spills, and oil spill risk from coastal tanker traffic were the primary reasons for listing. Why Are Sea Otters Endangered? this endangered species has been reintroduced and now numbers around 900. Saved by baak cote animals By 1911, less than two thousand Sea Otters remained in the world. People can help sea otters by decreasing the amount of pollutants we disperse into their natural habitats. Sea Otter Holding Newborn Pup – Photo by Milo Burcham. This means that there are less crabs around to eat sea slugs, who can then eat up up all the algae … Sea otters eat sea urchins. Sea Otters, regardless of large efforts, are nonetheless suffering and are at the instant listed as "endangered" using inhabitants declines. (Photo: Mark Boster/'Los Angeles Times' via Getty Images) THe endangered sea otter. Over time, the population of the sea otters has decreased and sea otters are now an endangered species. They live along the rim of the North Pacific from Japan across the Antarctic and down to California. Besides, why the sea otter is endangered? In some areas, usually where there are few predators, sea otters will rest on land, but they spend most of their time at the water’s surface floating on their backs. Hughes said one of the reasons otter habitat has remained fragmented and why sea otters have not been able to migrate north and reestablish residency in San Francisco Bay is the presence of great white sharks near the Golden Gate. – Baak Turn Animals. In 1741, Russian explorers discovered sea otters along the Russian and Japanese coast. In the 1700-1800s on the coast of California, the sea otter was hunted for its gorgeous pelt. This report explains why these three sub-species and sea otters as a whole have depleted in number in the past, and what it is that's causing them to still be in danger today. Their fur is being hunted because sea otter has the most thick and densest coat fur. Now that you know how vital a sea otters’ role in the ecosystem is and why they’re threatened we want to let you in on 12 simple steps that will help to maintain and hopefully increase sea otter populations. Sea otters as an endangered species . The snow leopard is likewise "endangered", yet is being hit from maximum of distinctive angles, that it extremely is in very actual threat of being lost. Another endangered sea otter species is known as the european otter, also known as eurasian river otter, common otter, and old world otter. Like other mustelids, sea otters are small animals that have short legs, short round ears, and thick fur. explains why and how the sea otter is endangered. Sea otters, an endangered keystone species, are at risk due to offshore oil and gas drilling spills. NATURAL HISTORY. This species of sea otter is actually native to the Eurasia. Sea otters face ongoing threats related to commercial fishing, offshore oil drilling and climate change, and are listed as an endangered species by … California’s southern sea otter has been listed as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act since 1977. Sea otters became endangered marine animals in 1972. Baby otters, called pups or kittens, stay with their mothers until they’re up to a year old, or until she has another litter. Sea Otters – a Keystone Species. Our team is also otter-ly passionate about keeping our seas safe for sea otters. The Southern Sea Otter & Southwest Stock of Northern Sea Otters in Alaska are both listed as “threatened” under the Endangered Species Act. Without the sea otter, fishermen began to see changes in the ecosystem. Most everyone is already “aware” of sea otters and the extreme levels of cuteness they bring to our estuaries and, let’s be honest, the internet.It seems not a day goes by that someone somewhere doesn’t share an adorable gif and a “you otter know”-type pun—especially on the Ocean Conservancy team. Sadly, sea otters nowadays are being hunted for their fur. (Enhydra lutris) Sea otter facts in Animal Marine animal Sea otter published on 04:28 leave a reply The Sea otter is the largest member of the weasel family. 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